TALLINN ROTARY CLUB AND THE ESTONIAN ROTARY MOVEMENT - 75 02.08.1930 – 02.08.2005
The first date to associate with the Estonian Rotary movement is December 13, 1929, when the 7-member organizing committee of the Tallinn Rotary Club was founded. It consisted of the following members:
Ants Piip – Head of State 1920-1921, Minister of Foreign Affairs 1919-1940 for five times, Estonian ambassador in the USA 1923-1925, Professor of International Law in the Tartu University;
Juhan Kukk – Head of State 1922-1923, Finance Minister 1918-1920, Minister of Commerce and Industry 1920-1922, The Estonian Co-operative Wholesale Society LTD, Professor of Economics in the Tartu University, later the Representative of Rotary International in the Baltic States;
Joakim Puhk – owner and head manager of Estonia’s largest trade concern” J.Puhk ja Pojad”, President of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Honorary Council of Lithuania 1921-1927, Consul General of Finland in Estonia;
Claus Scheel - executive director of Tallinn’s largest private bank “C. Scheel & Co.”
Harry E. Carlson – Consul of the USA in Estonia
Johan Laidoner – Commander in Chief of the Estonian Army 1918-1920 and 1934-1940. As a member of the First, Second and Third Parliament of Estonia (Riigikogu) he led the work of the Committees of Finance, Supply, Foreign Affairs and National Defence. He represented Estonia at the League of Nations plenary meetings in Geneva. He was elected honorary doctor of Tartu University on February 24, 1928
Herbert S. Gott - Young Men’s Christian Association’s Secretary General in Estonia All of them became the Club’s Charter Members.
The club’s inauguration took place on July 4, 1930 at the presence of the US and Finnish Rotary Club delegations. This date is marked in the Rotary International Application for Membership as the founding day of the club and the closing of the 24-member charter list. Tallinn Rotary Club is a member of Rotary International since August 2, 1930. Johann Laidoner, the Commander in Chief of the Estonian Army, became the Club’s Charter-President. Konstantin Päts, Prime Minister and Head of State for six times (1918-1938), the first President of the Republic of Estonia (1938-1940) and later the only Honorary Member of the Tallinn Rotary Club, was elected Vice-President. The second Vice-President, Claus Scheel, was the executive director of Tallinn’s largest private bank. Ants Piip, Head of State (1920-1921), Minister of Foreign Affaires for five times (1919-1940), Estonian Ambassador to the USA (1923-1925), became the first Secretary. The second secretary was the Young Men’s Christian Association’s Secretary General in Estonia – Herbert S. Gott. Juhan Kukk, Head of State (1922-1923), Finance Minister (1918-1920), Minister of Commerce and Industry (1920-1922), was named the Treasurer. Later, he was also the Representative of Rotary International in the Baltic States. In 1931 the notary Jakob Kristelstein became the Secretary of the Tallinn Rotary Club and remained one for the entire pre-war period. The Sponsor Club was the Helsinki Rotary Club. The Charter Party took place on January 23, 1931. The Charter Letter was handed over by the Representative of Rotary International – Paul Thorwall, who was also the Charter-Secretary of the Helsinki Rotary Club and personal friend of Paul Harris. Tallinn Rotary Club became the 3352nd Rotary Club in the world. We know of 91 people who were members of the Tallinn Rotary Club during the Republic’s first independence period. Tallinn Rotary Club was also the founder of the Tartu Rotary Club in 1932 and Nõmme Rotary Club in 1938. Tartu RC first gathered on April 19, 1932 in the home of attorney Oskar Rütli. The leaders were Oskar Rütli, who was also elected President, and Special Representative Ants Piip of Tallinn RC. Tartu RC has been a member of RI from January 19, 1934, thus becoming Club number 3644. The Charter Party was held on April 29 and 30, 1934 in Vanemuine Theatre. The Club’s weekly gatherings took place on Tuesday afternoons and were held in theatre “Vanemuine”. The third Estonian Club, Nõmme Rotary Club, was founded on April 21, 1936 under the supervision of Tallinn RC member Juhan Kukk. The Club’s inauguration took place on April 26, 1937 and it became a member of Rotary International on January 21, 1938 as Club number 4555. The Charter Party took place on April 9, 1938 and Juhan Kukk represented Rotary International, for he had been elected the Representative of Rotary International in the Baltic States. There were 20 men in the Charter Members list. The Club got together every Monday evening in the restaurant “Talveaed”. 1940 there was also a plan to found a Rotary Club in Viljandi. The organizing committee was lead by Mihkel Truusööt. Unfortunately these plans could not be carried out. In 1940, the Estonian Rotary movement was stopped due to the Soviet occupation. The fate was harsh on numerous Rotarians, some were arrested and executed; others sent to prison camps in Russia. The Rotary movement also remained forbidden during the following German occupation. It was more than half a century later when it first became possible to continue the interrupted activities. The Rotary movement was, in fact, restored by the re-establishment of the Tallinn Rotary Club. Unfortunately it was not possible for it to continue as the successor of the first Rotary Club of Estonia. The link needed according to the Rotary rules was missing – none of the members of the first Club were alive. Occupations, war and a 50-year-long pause in operation had left its mark. The case was similar with the Tartu and Nõmme-Tallinn Rotary Clubs, which were re-established as members of Rotary International on February 4, 1992 and June 27, 1996. The Nõmme Rotary Club was the only Club that still had a pre-war member alive. It was Bruno Wingisar (former Vingisaar), who had at that time worked as an official of the Veterinary Service in the Ministry of Agriculture and now lived in Finland and was a member of the Luoteis-Helsinki RC. He was named Honorary Member of the Nõmme RC. The main part of the restored Tallinn Rotary Club consisted of members of the Club operating with the Estonian Nature Conservation Society. Its founding document, “Mõte”, was signed by 31 people on December 11, 1984. From that time 12 members remain in the present Club. Knowledge about the Rotary movement first reappeared in 1988-89. Already then the present Club measured up to the Rotary International requirements. From April 9, 1989, meetings were held in the restaurant “Reeder” on every Thursday at the level of provisional Rotary Club. From July 13, 1989 until the present day our meetings have been held every Thursday at 4 p.m. On December 1, 1989 Rotary International President Hugh M. Archer, RI President 1980-1981 Rolf Klärich and the Manager of RI Office for Europe and Africa Per Brönner met with the members of two potential Clubs in Kadriorg Palace. The eagerness of Rolf Klärich, a member of our Sponsor Club, the Helsinki Rotary Club, must be emphasised, for he played an important role in establishing our Club and also during its first years of operation. Rolle, as he was called among Rotarians, was also RI Director in 1970-1971 and RI Vice-President in 1971-72. Rotary International had a definite wish to create Rotary Clubs on Soviet territory, yet regardless of our readiness they made the obvious decision of domestic policy of founding the first two Clubs in Moscow and Leningrad in 1990. Tallinn Rotary Club was accepted as a member of Rotary International on March 5, 1991, thus becoming Club number 27853. The Charter Party took place on May 5, 1991 at 5 p.m. in the restaurant “Astoria”. The Charter Letter was handed to Charter President Raivo Hellerma by RI President Paolo V.C. Costa. The Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Estonia, Arnold Rüütel, attended the party with his wife. District 142 (1420 from the following year) Governor Jorma Lampén and his wife accompanied the RI President. The Sponsor Club was once again the Helsinki Rotary Club. Special Representative of the Sponsor Club was Mikko Mannio, whose father Niilo Mannio (President of the Helsinki Rotary Club 1931-32) had played the same role in the founding of the first Club. Tallinn RC, along with the Helsinki-Lauttasaari RC, was the Sponsor Club for the Nõmme-Tallinn Rotary Club (member of RI since June 27, 1996). The Charter President was Kaido Hääl. The Charter Party took place on September 28, 1996 in the Museum of Architecture in the Rotermann Salt Storage warehouse. Bruno Wingisar was a guest at the party and thus restored the sequence in operation of all the pre-war Estonian Rotary Clubs. The Tallinn Rotary Club was also the Sponsor Club for Tallinn Vanalinn Rotary Club. The Special Representatives of the Tallinn RC were Hans Sittnikow and Viktor Hütt. The Club became a member of Rotary International on March 15, 1999. The Charter President was Kaido Ehasoo. The Charter Party took place on June 12, 1999 in Maardu Manor. It was one of the best Rotary Club Charter Parties primarily thanks to the efforts of the Club members. Choosing that particular place also contributed to the event, along with the great programme. The Estonian Clubs belong administratively to Finland’s oldest District – 1420. Tallinn Rotary Club managed to be part of the old numeration D142 in 1991. Since the year 1997-98 Special Extension Areas (SEA) have been formed across the world. One of them was Special Extension Area Estonia, lead by the Presidential Extension Administrator (PEA) with direct subordination to the RI President. On the order of the RI President, Aarno Palm (DG 1420 1995-96) performed PEA duties in 1997-1999. On his confirmation the Leadership Committee of Rotary in Estonia was created. It consisted of: Aarno Palm – Chairman, Viktor Hütt – Vice-Chairman and Special Representative of the PEA, Jüri Kärner - Special Representative of the PEA, Raivo Mändmaa – Club Service, Riho Nittim – Vocational and Community Service, Verni Loodma (Kaljo Mitt since 1999) – International Service and Youth Exchange, Raivo Pink – Rotary Foundation. The Leadership Committee ordered the Information Point for Estonian Rotarians to be founded in 1998, the secretary of which is Evelin Tomson. Operation was started in Tallinn at Raekoja plats 14 in the same rooms as Estonian Seamen’s Independent Union. The special territories were meant as an intermediate stage to raise the number of clubs in a new Rotary country to a satisfactory level for forming a District. Rotary International intended to form a united District between the Baltic States. Estonia stood firmly against it and Latvia as well, though with less certainty. Lithuania was more in favour of forming a united District. On May 5-6, 1999 RI Chairman 1999-2001 Mario Grassi from Switzerland and RI Chairman 1998-2000 Finn Johannessen from Norway visited Estonia on the order of the RI President to examine the activity and future prospects of Special Extension Area (SEA) Estonia. M.Grassi was also RI Chairman of the Ad Hoc Committee on Rotary Extension. In their presence an extended meeting of the Leadership Committee of Rotary in Estonia took place along with the Club Presidents and Presidents-Elect. Despite the clear interest of the guests in helping create a united Baltic District, they received a clear and well-justified answer of its irrationality from the Club Representatives. M. Grassi and F. Johannssen’s report to RI confirmed their satisfaction with what they saw and it also ranked the level of the Estonian Rotary movement highly. Year 1999-2000 will remain to us a bizarre and illogical year of a respectable international organisation. RI planned to re-organise some districts but didn’t manage to finish it by beginning of the new year. Yet all Presidential Extension Administrators were freed of their duties, and in our case that was Aarno Palm. The Leadership Committee of Rotary in Estonia took over the load on its own initiative, and its former Vice-Chairman, Viktor Hütt, became Chairman. Aarno Palm was willing to continue as an advisor. Solutions were sought in Budapest on November 7-8, 1999, where the Presidential District Workshop took place. It was lead by RI President Carlo Ravizza and RI President 1994-1995 Bill Huntley took part. The main question was the future of Special Extension Area (SEA). Viktor Hütt, Jüri Kärner and Raivo Pink represented Estonia on Rotary International’s invitation. Most European countries were represented. The representatives of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania formed a workgroup, which was lead by RI Vice President and Chairman 1998-2000 Abraham (Abe) Gordon and Finn Johannssen. Its goal was to once again discuss creating a united District. The Swedish, Finnish and Danish District Governors took part in the discussion. The attitudes changed so much that Lithuania was willing to continue on in order to form a District on their own. Shortly after, this was made impossible when Rotary International raised the minimum amount of Clubs in a District from 30 to 50. Estonia confirmed its wish to reunite with the Finnish D1420. It must be noted that it was the Special Extension Area’s 1997-2000 period, especially the last year that gave a special push to the development of the Estonian Rotary movement, for it was the period when all the operation took place on the lead of the Leadership Committee of Rotary in Estonia. We independently developed the activities characteristic to a Rotary District. This experience confirmed our potential. Estonian clubs are now part of the Finnish D1420, Latvians part of the Swedish D2410 and Lithuanians part of the Danish D1460. The leaders of D1420 first asked the opinions of all Clubs and were reassured to continue in the same District with the Estonian Clubs. The term Assistant Governor was first used in the year 2000-2001. Assistant Governors are foremost the Governors’ substitutes in their assigned Clubs. The first three Assistant Governors were Riho Nittim, Raivo Mändmaa and Vello Järvesalu. All the contact people for the Estonian Clubs have so far been from Tallinn Rotary Club. Viktor Hütt was the Special Representative for the District Governor in 1995-1997 and 2000-2001, while also being the Assistant Chairman for the Leadership Committee of Rotary in Estonia in 1997-1999 (the Chairman was Aarno Palm) and Chairman in 1999-2000. From 1998 to 2001 he led the Information Point for Estonian Rotarians. Since 2000-2001, there has been a place for an Estonian Club Representative in the District committee. Since 2001-2002 to the present day, Andres Sauter has lead the Information Point for Estonian Rotarians, represented our Clubs and coordinating their cooperation. It must be emphasised that the Leadership Committee of Rotary in Estonia and the Information Point for Estonian Rotarians have been created in order to expedite the Estonian Rotary activities and coordinate the cooperation between Clubs. These organisations are not officially part of the Rotary structure. Since 1995-1996, in order to avoid possible language difficulties, the Estonian language has also been used in District activities. Previously only Finnish, Swedish and English had been used. Apart from the Rotary materials that are written in Estonian (the Standard Rotary Club Constitution, Recommended Rotary Club Bylaws, Rotary Club President’s Manual and Rotary Club Secretary’s Manual, etc.) and the Governor’s Monthly Letters, the Officers have also been receiving training in their mother tongue. Two Rotary books in Estonian are of great importance to us – “Rotary põhitõed” (April 1996) and “Rotary: Organisatsioon ja tegevus” (April 2004). The first book was financed by the Finnish Rotary Districts. The Estonian Rotary Clubs soled the books and the profits generated were given to the foundation “Eesti Mõttelugu” to help publish Karl Leichter’s book “Keset muusikat”. Both Rotary books were composed by Aarno Palm and translated by Anne Hütt. We would like to acknowledge Anne Hütt, who has for over 10 years translated all the Governor’s Monthly Letters, often translated at various events, and contributed above all others to the creation of the Estonian Rotary terminology. Since Aarno Palm became Governor in 1995-96, the orientation towards using the Estonian language became eminent . Aarno Palm stands out in the development of the Estonian Rotary movement due to his attitude that is inspired by special mission. His Rotary contacts with Estonia started in the first part of the 1990s, with the creation of the Viljandi RC and the following co-operation projects. A. Palm was convinced that Estonians have to use Rotary terminology in our mother tongue. That was helped along by the first two Rotary books in Estonian, which were published with his initiative. A. Palm was the best choice of PEA to administer the activities of the Estonian Clubs in 1997-1999. He has been a member of Rotary for 35 years, is a three-time Paul Harris Fellow (one of which is a sign of gratitude from the Estonian Clubs) and is currently a member of Porvoo-Läntinen RC. On the Estonian Rotary movement’s year of anniversary, there are 14 Rotary Clubs, 2 Inner Wheel Clubs and 3 Rotaract Clubs active in Estonia.
The most important events of the Estonian Rotary movement and the Tallinn Rotary Club:
December 13, 1929 – the Organising Committee of the Tallinn Rotary Club is created August 2, 1930 – Tallinn Rotary Club is accepted member of Rotary International January 23, 1931 – the Tallinn Rotary Club’s Charter Party took place in the Tallinn Seltskondlik Maja. The Charter Letter was handed over by the Representative of Rotary International – Paul Thorwall, who was also the Charter-Secretary of the Helsinki Rotary Club and personal friend of Paul Harris. 1931 – Finnish-Estonian days in Helsinki 1932 – Paul Harris, the founder of Rotary, visited Estonia. He stayed in the Laidoner Manor in Viimsi 20.02.1933 – Paul Thorwall, the President of the Helsinki Rotary Club, was awarded with the 5th Class Order of the White Star June 23-25, 1933 – Finnish-Estonian-Latvian Rotary days in Tallinn at the same time as the 10th Song Festival January 19, 1934 - Tartu Rotary Club is accepted as a member of Rotary International April 29-30, 1934 – the Tartu Rotary Club’s Charter Party was held in Vanemuine Theatre. The Sponsor Club was the Tallinn RC June 1-3, 1934 – participation in the Northern Rotary Congress in Helsinki April 23, 1936 - RI President Ed. R. Johnson visited Estonia accompanied by the European Secretary A. Potter. They were welcomed by the Tallinn Rotary Club lead by President August Jürman. The President of the Rotary International was awarded with the 5th Class Order of the White Star and the European Secretary was awarded with the 2nd class 1st Level Order of the Estonian Red Cross May 23-24, 1936 – Estonian-Latvian-Lithuanian Rotary conference in Kaunas 1938 – participation in the European Rotary District conference in Stockholm. January 21, 1938 – Nõmme Rotary Club is accepted as a member of Rotary International April 9, 1938 – The Nõmme Rotary Club’s Charter Party is held. Juhan Kukk represented Rotary International as the Representative of Rotary International in the Baltic States. September 7, 1940 – on the order of Paul Vihalem, Head of Home Guards of Tartu, the Tartu Rotary Club is closed. Their operation is declared illegal and their property confiscated. The other Estonian Rotary Clubs were closed in similar fashion. April 9, 1989 – meetings were held in the restaurant Reeder every Thursday at the level of provisional Rotary Club and from July 13 until the present day our meetings have been held each Thursday at 4 p.m. December 1, 1989 - Rotary International President Hugh M. Archer, RI President (1980-1981) Rolf Klärich and the Manager of RI Office for Europe and Africa Per Brönner met with the members of two potential Clubs in the Kadriorg Palace March 5, 1991 – Tallinn Rotary Club is accepted member of Rotary International. With this event the Rotary movement was restored in Estonia. The Charter President of the Tallinn RC is Raivo Hellerma May 5, 1991 – The Charter Party took place at 5 p.m. in the restaurant “Astoria”. The Charter Letter was handed to Charter President Raivo Hellerma by RI President Paolo V.C. Costa. The Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Estonia, Arnold Rüütel, attended the party with his wife. District 142 (1420 from the following year) Governor Jorma Lampén and his wife accompanied the RI President. The Sponsor Club was once again the Helsinki Rotary Club. Special Representative of the Sponsor Club was Mikko Mannio, whose father Niilo Mannio (President of the Helsinki Rotary Club 1931-32) had played the same role at the founding of the first Club. February 2, 1992 – Tartu Rotary Club is accepted as a member of Rotary International. The Charter President is Rein Kermes. February 5, 1992 – Saaremaa Rotary Club is accepted as a member of Rotary International. Charter President is Tarmo Pikner March 24, 1992 – Tallinn Inner Wheel Club is accepted as a member of International Inner Wheel. Charter President is Anne Hütt May 21, 1992 – Tartu Inner Wheel Club is accepted as a member of International Inner Wheel. Charter President is Tiia Karelson November 14, 1992 – Tallinn Inner Wheel Club’s Charter Party at the Burmann villa December 30, 1992 – Viljandi Rotary Club is accepted member of Rotary International. Charter President is Raivo Mändmaa 1993 –Tallinn Rotaract Club is created May 23-26, 1993 – Saaremaa RC Charter President Tarmo Pikner took part of the RI Convention in Melbourne, Australia as the first representative of the Estonian Clubs. He was invited by RI President Clifford L. Dochterman and gave a presentation on the Rotary movement in Eastern Europe June 16-17, 1993 – RI President Clifford L. Dochterman, RI Chairman 1983-85 H. William Ives with his wife Mary Louise, District 1420 Governor Matti Lappalainen with his wife Kirsti arrived in Tallinn. The program of June 16 was very intense: a visit to Toompea before lunch, a visit to the home of a Rotarian and lunch, meeting President Lennart Meri at the Presidential Palace in Kadriorg, at 4 p.m. the Intercity Meeting for Estonian Clubs in hotel “Palace” and in the evening the reception of the President of the Bank of Estonia, Siim Kallas, in the Maardu Manor June 22, 1993 – Haapsalu Rotary Club is accepted as a member of Rotary International. Charter President is Urmas Sukles February 16, 1994 – Pärnu Rotary Club is accepted member of Rotary International. Charter President is Kalle Lahe June 11-17, 1994 – six members of Newent RC (England) visit Tallinn. They spoke at a seminar arranged by the Estonian Chamber of Commerce and Industry June 13, 1994 – Rapla Rotary Club is accepted as a member of Rotary International. Charter President is Kalle Talviste July 15, 1994 – A $60,000 piece of equipment set to follow the condition of heart and blood vessels is given to Mustamäe Hospital’s cardio-vascular surgery centre (head doctor Toomas Sulling) by Cupertino RC (California, USA). The equipment can monitor up to 18 patients. It was brought, installed and instructed by a 10-member delegation lead by Club President 1993-94 Bruce Ullmann and former Tallinner Vardy Shtein, who lead the Estonian Committee in the Club. This was a Matching Grant project August 16, 1994 – Põlva Rotary Club is accepted as a member of Rotary International. Charter President is Kalju Albert 1995 – the first Estonian representative, doctor Kairit Joost, of Tallinn’s Children’s Hospital flies to USA as member of GSE January 19, 1995 – Tartu University Maarjamõisa Hospital and Tallinn Mustamäe Hospital were presented at the Club meeting with medical equipment along with additional equipment and assisting video material. This equipment enables them to simultaneously observe as many as four severely-ill patients. Five instruments went to Tallinn, four to Tartu and the last two to Pärnu and Põlva Hospitals. This was part of the Cupertino RC (California, USA) project. April 6, 1995 – Türi Rotary Club is accepted as a member of Rotary International. Charter President is Raivo Raamat April 14-15, 1995 – first Rotary basketball tournament held in Haapsalu. Arranged by the Haapsalu RC, the Tallinn Rotary Club team won. Since then, tournaments have been held every year May 1995 – Mila Myrsep, from the RI European and African Office in Zurich, stayed in Estonia as a guest of the Club. M. Myrsep was looking for traces of her ancestors in Southern Estonia. May 6, 1995 – first PETS (President-Elect Training Seminar) in Estonia, which took place in Pärnu at the hotel “Strand”, where they have been arranged for Estonian clubs since June 11-14, 1995 – Kalle Tenno attends RI Convention in Nice, France September 21, 1995 – Kalle Tenno is presented, as the first Estonian Rotarian, with Paul Harris Fellow (PHF) recognition at the Club lunch April 1996 – the first Rotary book in Estonian, “Rotary põhitõed”, is published. The book, which came out in Finland in 1993, was corrected and improved by D1420 Governor 1995-96 Aarno Palm and translated by Anne Hütt April 19-20, 1996 –PETS took place in Tartu in the hotel “Taru” June 27, 1996 – Nõmme-Tallinn Rotary Club is accepted as a member of Rotary International. Charter President is Kaido Hääl July 14-17, 1996 – Tallinn RC organised the stay of the Long Island Youth Orchestra (USA) in Estonia with Pärnu RC. They were coming from Riga and heading to Stockholm August 8, 1996 – a World Meeting for all Estonian Rotarians took place in the Tallinn RC in honour of the Esto days. September 28, 1996 – Nõmme-Tallinn Rotary Club Charter Party in the Rotermann Salt Storage warehouse. Bruno Wingisar, a member since 1939, attends the party. The Sponsor Club was Tallinn RC with Helsinki-Lauttasaari Rotary Club. October 5, 1996 – Tallinn Rotaract Club is accepted as a member of International Rotaract November 4, 1996 – Türi Inner Wheel Club is accepted as a member of International Inner Wheel. Charter President is Milvi Aun. November 29-December 1, 1996 – Viktor Hütt attended the Copenhagen Rotary Club and Danish Rotary movement’s 75th anniversary celebrations as Estonia’s representative. November 29 - At the Club meeting at Langelinie Pavillonen Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania’s representatives received the keys to the new jeeps with special equipment for monitoring radiation. The cars went to use at the Ministry of the Environment. November 30 - anniversary celebrations at the Royal Theatre. April 25-26, 1997 – PETS in Haapsalu June 15-18, 1997 – RI Convention in Glasgow, Scotland. Peep Aaviksoo, Raivo Hellerma, Veiko Paalma and Alar Tamkivi take part. July 1, 1997-June 30, 2000 – Estonian Clubs belong to one of many Special Extension Areas (SEA) that were formed all over the world and led by a Presidential Extension Administrator (PEA). On the order of the RI President, Aarno Palm (DG 1420 1995-96) performed PEA duties in 1997-1999. July 19-20, 1997 – first Rotary tennis tournament in Haapsalu. It was arranged by Haapsalu RC and has been held ever since. The singles game winner was Vello Kuhi and doubles game winners were Vello Kuhi and Hannes Danilov (Haapsalu RC). December 8, 1997 – On Aarno Palm’s confirmation the Leadership Committee of Rotary in Estonia was created. It consisted of: Aarno Palm – Chairman, Viktor Hütt (Tallinn RC)– Vice-Chairman and Special Representative of the PEA, Jüri Kärner (Tartu RC) - Special Representative of the PEA, Raivo Mändmaa (Viljandi RC) – Club Service, Riho Nittim (Tallinn RC) – Vocational and Community Service, Verni Loodma (Tartu RC) (Kaljo Mitt since 1999) – International Service and Youth Exchange, Raivo Pink (Türi RC) – Rotary Foundation. January 31, 1998 – The Leadership Committee ordered the founding of an Information Point for Estonian Rotarians, the secretary of which is Evelin Tomson. Operation was started in Tallinn at Raekoja plats 14 in the same rooms as Estonian Seamen’s Independent Union. February 12, 1998 – the opening of the reconstructed J.Laidoner’s Viimsi Manor and the Rotary exposition April 3-4, 1998 – PETS in Mändjala on Saaremaa Island May 2, 1998 – Estonian Rotarian ball in the theatre “Estonia”. It was organised by Tallinn RC July 1, 1998 – Tartu Toome Rotary Club is accepted member of Rotary International. Charter President is Vello Peedimaa October 18, 1998 – Estonian Rotary Internet homepage www.rotary.ee goes into use March 15, 1999 – Tallinn Vanalinn Rotary Club is accepted as a member of Rotary International. The Charter President is Kaido Ehasoo March 26, 1999 – Estonian Rotarian ball in the theatre “Estonia”. It was organised by Tallinn RC April 16-17, 1999 – PETS in Paide May 5-6, 1999 – RI Chairman 1999-2001 Mario Grassi from Switzerland and RI Chairman 1998-2000 Finn Johannessen from Norway visited Estonia on the order of the RI President to examine the activity and future prospects of Special Extension Area (SEA) Estonia. On May 6, an extended meeting of the Leadership Committee of Rotary in Estonia took place in their presence along with the Club Presidents and Presidents-Elect June 12, 1999 – Tallinn Vanalinn Rotary Club Charter Party in Maardu Manor. The Sponsor Club was Tallinn RC June 16, 1999 – Pärnu Rotaract Club is founded June 30, 1999 – picnic and planting trees with all three Tallinn Rotary Clubs in Kadriorg. A tradition of ending a Rotary year and passing on the Club President’s traditional badge of office to their successors was started November 07-08, 1999 – Presidential District Workshop in Budapest. It was led by RI President Carlo Ravizza and RI President 1994-1995 Bill Huntley took part. The main question was the future of Special Extension Area (SEA). Viktor Hütt, Jüri Kärner and Raivo Pink represented Estonia on Rotary International’s invitation. March 30, 2000 – Leena Frischknet, from the RI European and African Office in Zurich, took part of the Club meeting and also the PETS held the on the next two days near Viljandi. L.Frischknet is our direct contact person and assistant March 31-April 1, 2000 – PETS in Viljandimaa in the Kivi recreation farm April 15, 2000 – Estonian Rotarian ball in theatre “Vanemuine”, arranged by Tartu RC. It was preceded by a Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra concert October 5, 2000 – Tartu Rotaract Club is founded January 2001 – first GSE group formed in Estonia stayed in Texas USA (District 5890) for a month. They were lead by Hans Sittnikow. The group took part at ANIS (A New Independent States) conference in Houston. March 5, 2001 – Information Point for Estonian Rotarians relocated to Nunne 8, Tallinn March 8, 2001 – Tallinn RC 10th anniversary celebration at a festal week meeting with wives and D1420 Governor Lars Nysténi, D142 Governor 1990-91 and RI Director 2000-02 Jorma Lampéni, Helsinki RC President 1990-91 Veikko Löyttyniemi and Estonian Clubs Representatives April 6-7, 2001 – PETS in Pärnu May 18-20, 2001 – District 1420 Conference and Assembly in Estonia for the first time (in hotel “Olümpia”) with the Governor’s ball in the theatre “Estonia”. The approximately 400-guest-event received general recognition for its great organisation. 2002 – Lennart Meri receives Paul Harris Fellow recognition, which was sponsored by the Club. April 5-6, 2002 – PETS in Tartu Hotel “Pallas” May 17, 2002 – RI President Richard D. King arrives in Estonia with his wife. RI President with his wife was at the reception of the President of the Republic of Estonia – Arnold Rüütel – at the Presidential Palace in Kadriorg. He was accompanied by Andres Sauter and Hans Sittnikow with wives. RI President’s reception began at 6 p.m. in the Tallinn RC quarters in Grand Hotel Tallinn for Estonian Rotarians. There, Raivo Hellerma was presented with Paul Harris Fellow recognition, which was sponsored by the Club September 5, 2002 – Tartu Rotaract is accepted member of International Rotaract 2003 – PETS in Mändjala on Saaremaa Island April 16, 2004 – PETS in Tallinn March 6, 2004 – First annual bowling tournament in Perona Bowling alley for the Pärnu RC challenge cup. The team of Viljandi RC won. April 2004 – The second Rotary book in Estonian, “Rotary. Organisatsioon ja tegevus”, was published. Though it followed the structure of the last book, it was more modern and bulkier. It was composed by D1420 Governor 1995-96 and RI Presidential Extension Administrator in Estonia 1997-99, Aarno Palm. The book was translated by Anne Hütt June 29, 2004 – Tartu Hansa Rotary Club is accepted as member of Rotary International. It is the first Club in Estonia that consists only of women. Charter President is Ellen Tohvri June 29, 2004 – Tallinn International Rotary Club is accepted as a member of Rotary International. Charter President is Robert J.Pefferly Jr January 22, 2005 – Estonian clubs representatives attended the RI 100th anniversary celebration in Finlandiatalo Helsinki February 12, 2005 – Tartu Hansa RC Charter Party and Rotary International’s 100th anniversary ball February 23, 2005 – On the occasion of Rotary Internationals 100th anniversary Estonian Post issued an anniversary-themed stamp April 8-9, 2005 – PETS in Pärnu July 10, 2005 – the first Estonian Rotary Club golf championship took place in the Tallinn Golf club in Niitvälja. It was organised by Tallinn RC. 17 Rotarians from six Clubs took part – Tallinn RC, Tallinn Vanalinn RC, Türi RC, Saaremaa RC, Tartu Hansa RC, and Pärnu RC. The winner was Urmas Isok (Tallinn RC) August 4-6, 2005 – RI President 2005-06 Carl-Wilhelm Stenhammar’s visit to Estonia. August 4th – dinner at the invite of the Mayor of Tallinn Tõnis Palts. August 5th – reception of the President of the Republic of Estonia, Arnold Rüütel, in Kadriorg Palace; lunch at the invite of the Prime Minister Andrus Ansip; celebration to the Rotary anniversary in Kadriorg Palace August 4, 2005 – RI President 2005-06 Carl-Wilhelm Stenhammar with his wife Monica at the Tallinn RC meeting. District 1420 Governor 2002-03 Kari Tallberg with his wife Tuulikki and District 1420 Governor 2005-06 Börje Thorström with his wife Eva attended the meeting. Exchange student Triin Puskai, who just got back from Brazil, spoke of her experience and handed over the banners of the Brazilian Clubs. Tallinn Rotaract Club introduced its activities and Raivo Järvi spoke of our Club’s history August 5, 2005 – RI President 2005-06 Carl-Wilhelm Stenhammar was at the reception of the President of the Republic of Estonia, Arnold Rüütel, in Kadriorg Palace. RI President presented Arnold Rüütel with one of the most honorable awards of the organisation — Award of Honor, which is generally reserved for heads of state. Rüütel was the first Estonian and first head of state in the Northern Region to receive this award. He was awarded for his contribution to re-establishing the Rotary movement in 1991. He took part in creating the Saaremaa Rotary Club and is its Honorary Member. President Rüütel has also been presented with the Rotary Foundation Distinguished Service Award. District 1420 Governor 2002-03 Kari Tallberg, District 1420 Governor 2005-06 Börje Thorström, Tallinn Rotary Club Charter President 1991-1992 Raivo Hellerma and District 1420 Estonian representative Andres Sauter attended the ceremony. August 5, 2005 – Tallinn Rotary Club and the Estonian Rotary movements 75th anniversary celebration in Kadriorg Palace at the presence of RI President 2005-06 Carl-Wilhelm Stenhammar and the President of the Republic of Estonia Arnold Rüütel. September 21, 2005 – RI President 2005-06 Carl-Wilhelm Stenhammar signed the new certificate of the Tallinn Rotary Club, which states that the original charter was issued to the club on August 2, 1930 during the term of RI President Almon E. Roth.
Viktor Hütt Tallinn Rotary Club
Members of Tallinn Rotary Club 1930-40
Eduard Ahman - 08.04.1889 Võru county - 20.07.1942 Norilsk Assistant to Regiment Chief during the War of Independence. Colonel. After the war served as Head of Topo-hydrography Department at the General Staff of the Defence Forces, II Assistant to Chief of Staff and Cavalry Inspector. Awarded the Cross of Liberty I/3. Arrested on 14.06.1941. Sentenced to death on 16.12.1941 by the verdict of Norillag NKVD Tribunal. Executed on 20.07.1942.
Ants (Hans) Ahven - 08.05.1883 - 26.02.1965 Tallinn 1915 graduated from Petrograd Institute of Technology. 1921-1940 National Audit Office, worked as Member of the Board and Deputy Auditor General.
Ado Anderkopp - 18.01.1894 - 28.06.1941 Tallinn Studied law at Tartu and St Petersburg Universities. 1919-1920 member of the Estonian Constituent Assembly. 1923-24 Minister of War, 1930-33 Minister of Court and Internal Affairs (twice). 1921-29 Editor-in-Chief of „Vaba Maa“ (“Free Country”). Member of the I-V Riigikogu (Estonian Parliament) (member of Labour Party). 1938-40 member and Deputy Chairman of State Council. Arrested on 22.07.1940. Sentenced to death by NKVD Military Tribunal and executed on 28.06.1941.
Theodor Asu - 08.03.1897 - 07.12.1965 Stockholm Took part in the War of Independence. 1924 graduated from Tartu University, Faculty of Medicine. 1924-31 Deputy Head of the X-Ray Department of Tallinn Central Hospital. From 1932 Director of Estonian Doctors’ Private Hospital and Head of the Radiology Department in Tallinn. 1944 fled to Sweden. 1951-55 Deputy Head of the Radiology Department of Umea Hospital. From 1955 Chief Doctor of the X-ray Department of Kalix Hospital.
Harry Edwin Carlson – 17.03.1886 Morris, Illinois - 21.10.1960 Sheffield, Massachusetts Member of the Organising Committee of Tallinn Rotary Club, Charter Member 17.01.1916 appointed USA Deputy Consul General to Frankfurt am Main. 11.06.1917 appointed USA Deputy Consul General to Oslo (former Oslo RC member), from January 1924 to Kaunas. 03.07.1926 served as USA Consul General in Tallinn for more than ten years. After establishing the official USA Diplomatic Mission in Tallinn on 30.06.1930, Carlson became the First Secretary and Chargé d’Affaires when the Minister, residing in Riga, was not in Estonia. Son Harry Edwin Reynert Carlson (21.10.1927) and daughter Margaret Elisabeth Reynert Carlson (30.01.1932) were also born in Tallinn. 01.02.1937 fled to London. 1939-41 Consul General at the USA Chief Consulate in Vienna. During World War II served as USA Consul General in Stockholm, later in Reykjavik and Budapest. 1948 returned to Washington DC to work temporarily in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs before final resignation on 20.11.1948. Awarded with 1st Class Order of the Estonian Red Cross on 15.02.1932 for humanitarian assistance to Estonia.
Richard Devid – 1893 - 05.06.1942 Owner of Hotel „Kuldne Lõvi“ („Golden Lion“). Arrested on 14.06.1941. Sentenced to death on 21.03.1942 by the verdict of Tribunal. Died in prison camp on 05.06.1942.
Kaarel Eenpalu (Karl Einbund) - 28.05.1888 Tartu county - 27.01.1942 Kirov Oblast, Vjatlag Charter Member 1919-1920 Auditor General; in 1920, 1921-1924 and 1924-1926 Minister of Internal Affairs. He is considered to be the founder of Estonian Police. 1926-1934 (periodically) President of the III, IV and V Riigikogu (Estonian Parliament). 1934-1938 Minister of Internal Affairs and Deputy Prime Minister, 1938-1939 Prime Minister. 1919-1920 member of Estonian Constituent Assembly, 1920-1934/1937 member of the I-V Riigikogu, 1938-1940 member of State Council. Graduated from the private school of H.Treffner, 1909-1914 studied law at Tartu University, passed final examinations at Moscow State University. 1914-1917 in World War I, 1917-1918 Chief of the Fifth Battery of the First Estonian Artillery Brigade. 1918-1919 Chief of Tartu School Students` Battalion during the War of Independence, 1919 Chief of the Seventh Battery of the Second Artillery Regiment. 1910-1912 and 1915 member of the „Postimees“ (“The Postman”) editorial, 1918 editor, 1920 member of the „Tallinna Teataja“ („Tallinn`s Messenger“) editorial, 1924 Editor-in-Chief of „Kaja“ („Echo“). 1925-1940 run his farm called Hellema in Rae district near Aruküla. 1939-1940 General Director of „Eesti Fosforiit“ („Estonian Phosphorite“) in Maardu. 1927-1932 President of Education Association, 1928-1933 President of the Estonian Group within the Inter-Parliamentary Union, 1930-1932 Chief Elder of Young Eagles, 1930-1935 President of Estonian-Polish Society, 1932 President of Agricultural Chamber, 1924-1940 Deputy Chairman of the Body of Elders in the Defence League, 1923-1940 member of the Estonian Olympic Committee etc. Honorary Member of many associations: 1922 Officers` Assembly of the Second Artillery Regiment, 1929 Estonian-Polish Society, 1932 Tartu Student Brigade of Defence League, 1936 Estonian Farmers` Association, 1936 Estonian Voluntary Fire-brigade Society, 1938 Estonian Institute of Natural Resources, 1937 Honorary Citizen of Rae district. 1918 published a book „Õiguslik riik“ („Judical State“), has also published works about librarianship and other topics. Arrested on 24.07.1940. Died in prison camp in Vjatka in Kirov Oblast.
John Girard de Soucanton - 27.03.1894 -? Executive Director of AS Tallinna Köievabrik John Carr (Tallinn Rope Factory John Carr). Director of AS Loksa Tehased (Loksa Industries).
Herbert S. Gott Member of the Organising Committee of Tallinns Rotary Club, Charter Member Secretary General of Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) in Tallinn. Awarded with the 2nd Class 2nd Level Order of the Estonian Red Cross on 19.02.1927 and 2nd Class 1st Level on 30.09.1937
Adam Barthold (Berthold) Gustav Grünbaum - 14.11.1904 - 10.05.1979 Munich 1927 graduated from Tartu University, Faculty of Law. 1927-32 assistant to attorney M.Pung, 1932-36 assistant to attorney M.Schlifstein, 1935-40 director of tobacco factory „Laferme“ in Tallinn. 1940-41 official in German Embassy in Tallinn. 1941 fled to Germany. Worked as Economic Advisor in Posen, later as Expert in the Ministry of Eastern Affairs in Tallinn, Riga and Berlin. 1943-45 served in German Army. 1947-50 Manager of Economic Help in Augsburg Help Committee, from 1951 official in the USA occupation forces.
Heinrich Gutkin - 13.06.1879 - 11.10.1941 Sevurallag President of the Jewish Union Bank in Tallinn. Owner of a clothes’ shop, Deputy Chairman of the Jewish Cultural Self-Administration Office. Representative of the Jewish Cultural Self-Administration in the Second Chamber of the National Assembly. Arrested on 14.06.1941. Died in prison camp.
Kotri Hangelaid (Gottfried Hacker or Hakker) - 26.12.1887 – 25.08.1961 Germany Graduated from Wismar Polytechnical School as certified engineer. Designed and built Estonian first electric power plant to Aru bog, on rented land from Kunda manor. The plant worked on turf-heating and the first high-voltage line (15 kV) between different areas was also built, which on 18.10.1918 subsequently brought electricity to Rakvere. 1919-29 lecturer in Tallinn Technical School. 1927-39 director of State’s Turf Industry, director of the Labour Union of Estonian Forest and Cellulose Association, director of Central Depository. 1939 emigrated to Germany.
Aleksander Hellat - 20.08.1881 Tartu - 28.11.1943 Kemerovo 1896-1900 studied at St.Petersburg Military Medicine Academy and 1903-09 studied law at St.Petersburg State University. Until 1918 worked as an attorney in Riga and Tallinn, 1917 Head of Tallinn Militia, 1918 Mayor of Tallinn, 1919 Estonian Public Prosecutor, 1919-20 Minister of Internal Affairs in the cabinets of Otto Strandman and Jaan Tõnisson, 1920-22 Ambassador to Riga, 1922-23 to Warsaw, 1923 Minister of Foreign Affairs in the cabinet of Juhan Kukk, 1923-31 Ambassador to Finland (1927 Minister of Foreign Affairs for a short period), 1931-33 Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs and 1933-40 Justice of Estonian Supreme Court. His death sentence was replaced on 15.02.1941 by a verdict of 10-year-long imprisonment. Died in Izhemlag`s prison camp in Kemerovo Oblast.
Oskar Hinto - 24.07.1882 Tartu county - 16.12.1961 Tallinn Graduated from St.Petersburg Institute of Technology. Until 1921 worked in Russia in the field of inland water and turf industry. 1921-35 lecturer in Tallinn Technical School. 1927-26 Director of the Industry Department at Ministry of Economic Affairs. 1936-40 Chairman of the Board of Estonian Forest and Cellulose Association. Worked in Ministry of Agriculture after the war. Member of the student society called „Põhjala“.
Robert Holst - 21.12.1885 - 19.04.1943 Sverdlovsk Oblast, Vosturallag Director and founder of many large enterprises in Tallinn, for example AS „Silva“, AS „Aeronaut“, sweets factory „Riola“. Arrested on 14.06.1941. Sent to prison for ten years by the NKVD verdict from 01.07.1942. Died during imprisonment.
Max Hurt - 10.07.1871 - 26.04.1938 Tallinn 1896 graduated from St.Petersburg State University, Faculty of History and Languages. 1898-1929 worked in AS Treugolnik in St.Petersburg. 1920-25 assistant to the Estonian Minister of Commerce and Industry, 1925-38 Director of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
Karl Imelik - 19.01.1894 - 13.05.1943 Russia Director of the Department of Industry at Ministry of Commerce and Industry, assistant to Minister of Economic Affairs. Arrested on 13.07.1941. Sent to prison for ten years by the NKVD verdict from 12.09.1942. Died during imprisonment.
Karl Ipsberg - 03.01.1870 - 27.06.1943 Vjatka 1897 graduated from Riga Polytechnical School as building engineer. 1898-1911 worked as site manager of Rjazan-Ural and Baikal railway building in Russia and as Head of Smolensk Railway District. 1911-1917 worked in Tallinn as designer and site manager on many large buildings. Was elected Head of Technical Courses on the first meeting of the Academic Council of Estonian Technical Society on 16.08.1918, which means he became the first rector of what is now Tallinn University of Technology. 1918-19 Head of Estonian Railways, 1921-24 Minister of Roads, 1928-33 Head of the Board on Constructing New Railways, at the same time 1931-32 Minister of Commerce and Industry. Member of Estonian Constituent Assembly and the I, II Riigikogu (Estonian Parliament). Founder of the first Estonian student society “Vironia”. Founder of Estonian Technical Society in 1917 and Member of the Board. Expert at Tartu Peace Treaty negotiations in 1920. Arrested on 14.06.1941. Died during imprisonment.
Jüri Jaakson - 04.01.1870 - 20.04.1942 Sverdlovsk, Oblast Sosva 1896 graduated from Tartu University, faculty of Law. During tsarist time worked as attorney. 1915-19 Member of the Board of Tallinn City Bank. 1917 assistant to the Estonian District Commissar, 1917-18 member and Deputy Head of Country Council, 1918 Head Advisor of Temporary Government in the matters of property overtaking from German occupation authorities. 1918-20 Minister of Court, 1920-34 member of the I-IV Riigikogu (Estonian Parliament), 1926-40 President of Estonian Central Bank, 1935-38 member of State’s Economic Council, 1938-40 member of State Council. 1898-01 Head of Viljandi Farmers` Society and Society „Koit“, Head of the Board of Estonian Temperance Society in Riga, 1902-05 Estonian Society „Imanta“ in Riga and 1906-14 Estonian Education and Help Society in Riga, 1904-20 member and Head of the Academic Council of Estonian Alexander School. 1915-19 Head of North-Estonian Farmers` Central Society, Head of Tallinn Economic Union’s Council. 1936 established Jüri Jaakson foundation (20 000 kroons) at Hugo Treffner Gymnasium. Arrested on 14.06.1940. Sentenced to death by NKVD and executed.
Karl Jürisson - 23.10.1900 - 13.05.1953 Vorkuta 1919-20 in the War of Independence. 1926 graduated cum laude from Tartu University as pharmacist, 1927 received Master`s degree. 1930-40 Director and co-owner of Gnadeberg-Leyden Pharmacy, 1935-40 Head of the Chamber of Pharmacists, 1939-40 Head of the Board of Estonian Medicine- and Pharmacy Trade Association „AS Ephag“. 1938-40 member of State Council. Arrested on 05.10.1940. Sent to prison for eight years by the NKVD Tribunal verdict from 08.03.1942. Released on 10.10.1948. After that lived as deportee in Vorkuta.
August Jürima - 04.09.1887 - 15.08.1942 Kirov Oblast, Vjatlag Charter Member 1914 graduated from Königsberg University, Faculty of Agriculture. Member of Estonian Constituent Assembly and the I-V Riigikogu (Estonian Parliament). 1929-31 Minister of Roads, 1932-33 Minister of Economic Affairs, 1939-40 Minister of Internal Affairs. Arrested on 05.10.1940. Died during imprisonment.
Alfred Kalm – 14.03.1883 - 1959 1909 graduated from Riga Polytechnical School. 1917 bought Keila manor. 1920-30s businessman and ship owner in Estonia. Fled to Sweden in summer 1940.
Hugo Kasse - 05.11.1869 - 12.09.1941 Berlin Charter Member 1898 graduated from Tartu University, Faculty of Law. 1906-25 Judge in Vladivostok. 1925-38 member of Court Chamber. 1938-39 Justice of Estonian Supreme Court. 1941 emigrated to Germany.
Richard Kinghorn Consul of Norway in Estonia.
Hermann Koch - 02.04.1882 - 29.03.1957 Germany Charter Member Lawyer. 1918-19 Minister of German Minority Affairs in Estonian Government. 1920-30s Head of the Board of „Port Kunda“ and „Asserin“. 1941 emigrated to Germany. Director of cement industry in Organization „Todt“ during the German occupation in Estonia.
Paul Kogermann - 05.12.1891 - 27.07.1951 Tallinn 1918 graduated from Tartu University as chemist. 1934 Dr. Sc. Techn., Zurich Technical University, 1938 Academician, 1936-40 Professor of Organic Chemistry in Tallinn University of Technology and Head of Oilstone Laboratory. 1936-39 Rector of Tallinn University of Technology, 1939-40 Minister of Education. Arrested on 14.01.1941. Sent to prison for five years by verdict of a special meeting on 04.03.1942. Released on 02.03.1945 as irreplaceable specialist. 1945-51 Professor and Head of the Department of Organic Chemistry and Pyrogenic Processes in Tallinn Polytechnical Institute.
Hanno Kompus - 05.03.1890 - 25.10.1974 Montreal 1909-1918 studied architecture in Riga Polytechnical School. 1919-20 Head of the Arts Department at Ministry of Education. 1920-22 Dramatist and Stage Director in theatre „Estonia“. 1922-23 refreshed his knowledge in Dresden National Opera. 1923-36 and 1940-44 Opera Producer, 1925-29 Director of „Estonia“. 1936-40 Programme Director of National Radio Broadcasting. 1944 fled to Sweden, 1951 from Sweden to Canada. Was active in Montreal Estonian Theatre.
Jaan Kopvillem - 12.07.1885 - 13.05.1956 Stockholm 1927 Dr. Phil., Zurich Technical University. 1928-36 Lecturer in Tartu University (from 1935 Professor). 1936-44 Lecturer in Tallinn University of Technology. 1944 fled to Sweden. 1945-53 chemist in AV Höganäs-Billesholm Research Centre.
Karl Kornel - 25.08.1882 - 19.09.1953 Irkutsk Oblast 1923 graduated from Tartu University, Faculty of Law. 1926-27 Minister of Commerce and Industry. 1930-40 Director of Estonian Telegraph Agency. Member of Estonian Constituent Assembly and the II, III Riigikogu (Estonian Parliament). Arrested on 28.22.1945. Sent to prison for ten years by the NKVD Tribunal verdict from 10.04.1946. Died during imprisonment.
Jakob Kristelstein - 16.05.1889 - 31.5.1968 Tallinn Charter Member 1916 graduated from Moscow State University. 1917-19 Tartu Town Secretary. 1922-40 Notary Public in Tallinn, 1940-41 in Rakvere, 1944-50 in Tallinn. Arrested on 04.03.1950. Sent to prison for five years by the NKVD verdict from 15.05.1951. Released on 13.04.1953. Returned to Estonia.
Hans Kubu - 05.01.1892 - 06.09.1942 Solikamsk 1916 graduated from Tartu University, Faculty of Theology, 1917 ordained. 1917-40 Minister of St.John’s congregation in Tallinn, 1940-41 Minister of St.Nicholas’ congregation in Tallinn. 1921-40 Director of Hans Kubu`s Private School (from 1937 Private College of Tallinn). Arrested on 28.06.1941. Sent to prison for five years by the NKVD verdict from 09.05.1942. Died during imprisonment.
Juhan Kukk - 13.04.1885 - 04.12.1942 Arhangelsk Oblast, Kargopollag. Member of the Organising Committee of Tallinn Rotary Club, Charter Member 1904-1910 studied at Riga Polytechnical School, Department of Commerce. 1922-23 Head of State (Riigivanem). 1917-18 Head of Finance Department in Country Government, 1918-19 Minister of Finance and State Estates in Temporary Government, 1919-1920 Minister of Finance, 1920-1921 Minister of Commerce and Industry, 1921-1922 President of the I Riigikogu (Estonian Parliament), 1922-24 Director of Estonian Central Bank, 1917-19 member of Country Council, 1919-1920 member of Estonian Constituent Assembly, 1920-1926 member of the I, II Riigikogu (Estonian Parliament). 1919-30 Head of Estonian Co-operative Union’s Council. 1923-23 and 1926-30 Director of Central Union of the Estonian Consumers` Union, temporarily served also as Head of the Council of that union. From 1920 Head of the Board of Peoples’ Bank, Member of the Board (later Member of the Council) of consumers` union „Oma“. 1931-40 Head of the Board of “AS Baltic Cotton Spinning and Weaving Factory” (Baltic Manufacture), 1933-40 Director of „AS Kreenbalt“. 1925-40 Head of the Council of „State’s Turf Industry“ (from 1936 AS Estonian Turf Industry), 1931-33 Deputy Head of Stock Exchange Committee and Head of the Department of Banks at Chamber of Commerce and Industry, 1937-40 Member of the Board at Chamber of Commerce and Industry, representing Department of Large Industries, 1936-40 President of National Textile Manufacturers` Union, etc. 1933-34 taught temporarily in Tartu University in the field of credit and industry policy. 1929-40 President of Estonian Skiing Club, 1938-39 President of Estonian Athletic Federation. General Agent of Rotary International in Baltic States. Arrested on 16.10.1940. Sent to prison for eight years by the NKVD verdict from 08.03.1941. Died during imprisonment.
Hugo Kukke - 01.03.1898 - 03.08.1942 Sverdlovsk 1927 graduated from Tartu University, Faculty of Law. 1932-33 Minister of Education and Social Affairs. 1934-35 Assistant to Minister of Internal Affairs. 1935-40 Editor-in-Chief of „Uus Elu“ („New Life“). Arrested on 14.06.1941. Sentenced to death by the NKVD verdict from 15.07.1942. Executed on 03.08.1942.
Friedrich Kuusekänd - 08.04.1898 - 194? Kirov Oblast Took part in World War I and the War of Independence. Until 1925 Staff Officer. 1924 graduated from Tartu University, Faculty of Law. 1925 Candidate in Court Office of Peace Assembly in Rakvere-Paide region, 1925-28 in Tallinn-Haapsalu region, 1928-29 Court Investigator in Jõhvi district, 1928-36 in the first district of Tallinn, 1934-35 Director of Police Directorate at Ministry of Internal Affairs, 1936-40 member of Tallinn District Court. Arrested in October 1940. Died during imprisonment.
Nikolai Köstner - 26.03.1889 - 17.02.1959 Cairo 1915 graduated from Moscow Institute of Commerce. 1918-20 Minister of Commerce and Industry, Minister of Roads. 1918-20 member of Estonian delegation at Paris Peace Conference, 1921-22 Diplomatic Representative of Estonia in the USA. 1922-27 advisor in Ministry of Finance. 1926-27 and 1931-35 Lecturer in Tartu University. 1928-32 Government’s Commissar in the Central Bank of Estonia. 1932-40 Commissar of League of Nations in the Central Bank of Bulgaria. From 1941 until his death worked in the Central Bank of Egypt in Cairo.
Eduard Laaman - 12.02.1888 - 01.09.1941 Kirov Charter Member 1912 graduated from St.Petersburg State University, Faculty of Law. 1919 Press Secretary of Estonian delegation at Paris Peace Conference. 1920-23 Head of Information Department at Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 1923-38 Editor-in-Chief of „Vaba Maa“ („Free Country“). 1939-40 Press Attaché of Estonian Embassy in Moscow. Arrested in February 1941. Sentenced to death by the NKVD verdict from 26.07.1941 and executed.
Johan Laidoner - 12.02.1884 - 13.03.1953 Vladimir Member of the Organising Committee of Tallinn Rotary Club, Charter Member Dealt with military and political issues. 1919 Major-General, 1920 Lieutenant General, 1939 General. Took part in World War I, 1915-1916 Assistant to Head of Reconnaissance Department at the Western Front Staff, 1916-1917 Chief of Staff of the Division. December 1917 - February 1918 Head of Estonian Division. 1917-1918 member of the first Estonian delegation in foreign countries, represented Estonia in Soviet Russia with Julius Seljamaa. Their objective was to contact Finnish representative in Petrograd. During the War of Independence (December 1918 - March 1924) Commander-in-Chief of Estonian Armed Forces, in the same position in December 1924 - January 1925 and March 1934 - June 1940. 1905 graduated from Vilno (Vilnius) Military School and 1912 St.Petersburg Academy of Nikolai’s General Staff. Member of the I-III Riigikogu (Estonian Parliament), belonged to the group of Farmers`Assemblies, Head of Committees in Riigikogu (Foreign Affairs, Budget, Finance and National Defence). Member of the Board of various banks and companies (Estonian Central Bank, G.Scheel and Co Bank, „Ilmarine“, „Eesti Kiviõli“). 1920-1929 member of all Estonian delegations (except in 1921) at Assembly Meetings of League of Nations. 1925 led a Committee that League of Nations had formed to define the border of Iraq. Performed coup d’etat with K.Päts and the help of the army on 12.03.1934. 1937 member of National Assembly and 1938-1940 member of State Council. 1934-1940 President of Estonian Olympic Committee. Deported to Pensa on 19.07.1940 where he was arrested on 28.06.1941. Imprisoned in Pensa, Kirov, Ivanovo, Moskva, Butõrka and Vladimir. Sent to prison for 25 years by the verdict of a special meeting on 16.04.1952. Died during imprisonment.
Walter A. Leonard USA Charge d’Affaires in Estonia.
Erich (Eerik) Lepp - 04.01.1904 - 06.02.1981 Montreal 1927 graduated from Budapest Institute of Horticulture and 1929 Debrecen University of Agriculture. 1929-44 teacher of horticulture and landscape architect in Tallinn. 1944 fled from Estonia. 1949 graduated from Durham University in England as landscape architect. From 1954 lived in Canada. 1955-72 landscape architect in Montreal.
Elmar Lohk - 15.06.1901 - 11.02.1963 Gothenburg Charter Member 1926 graduated from Darmstadt University of Technology. 1928-40 construction architect in Tallinn. 1936-43 Lecturer in Tallinn University of Technology. 1943 fled to Finland where he worked in Alvar Aalto`s office (designed the building of Finland’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs). 1944 emigrated to Sweden where he designed mainly hospitals in his own architecture bureau.
Arthur Lossmann - 05.10.1877 - 01.08.1972 London Charter Member 1904 graduated from St.Petersburg Academy of Military Medicine. Took part in Russian-Japan War, World War I and the War of Independence as Military Doctor. 1920-35 Chief of the Health Office of Estonian Armed Forces (1922 Major-General in Medical Matters). Retired in 1935. 1944 fled to Germany, from 1947 lived in England. Re-buried to Defence Forces Cemetery in Tallinn on 14.11.1998. Book of memoirs „Rahutus maailmas“ („In a restless world“) (Stockholm, 1961).
Gerhard Lukk - 09.07.1891-? Navy Lieutenant. Head of the Technical Department of Naval Forces during the War of Independence. After the war worked as director of Russian-Baltic Factories. From 1921 owner of Järvakandi Factories. Consul General of the Netherlands in Estonia. 1941 deported to Russia. Further destiny unknown.
Martin Christian Luther - 26.04.1883 - 12.03.1963 Munich Charter Member 1914-1939 director of wood veneer factory „A.M.Luther“. Member of the II Riigikogu (Estonian Parliament). President of Estonian Fabricators` Society. 1939 emigrated to Germany, 1941-44 lived in Estonia again. 1944 left for Germany for the second time.
Boris Makovski - 18.03.1873 -? Director of Northern Paper and Woodboard Factory. Arrested as a Jew in September 1941 by German political police. Sent to concentration camp for an undefined period on 20.09.1941. Died in concentration camp.
Evald Maltenek - 09.02.1887 - 31.03.1938 Tallinn 1911 graduated from Riga Polytechnical School. From 1919 Lecturer in Tallinn Technical School. 1937-38 Professor at the Chair of Power and Heat Machinery at Tallinn University of Technology, 1936-38 Vice Rector.
Voldemar Menning - 11.08.1885 - ? Director of Tallinn Department of Narva Baize Manufacture. Member of the Board of Narva Baize Manufacture.
Jaan (Heinrich) Mölder - 24.10.1900 - ? 1932-40 owner of furniture factory in Tallinn. 1939 emigrated to Germany.
Heinrich Neuhaus - 25.04.1886 - 12.05.1949 Sweden 1902 graduated from Tallinn City School. Took part in World War I, from 1911 worked at AS Tallinn Ship Company, 1922-40 director of the biggest ship company of that time in Estonia. Chairman of Estonian Ship-owners Union. 1938-40 member of State Council. 1944 fled to Sweden.
Gottlieb Peter Ney - 07.11.1881 - 11.12.1973 Stierstadt, Germany 1905 graduated from Tartu University with Cand. Hist. degree. 1905-12 history and geography teacher in St.Petersburg, 1913-19 Inspector and Vice President of Archangelsk Gymnasium. 1919 came to Estonia. 1923-35 Head of the Science and Arts Department at Ministry of Education. 1936-40 Director of State Archive and State Library. 1941 emigrated to Germany, 1948 to Sweden. Worked as archivist in Lund.
Enn (Nikolai) Nurmiste (Neuhaus) - 13.07.1894 - 03.03.1968 Tallinn 1918 graduated from Tartu University. 1932-36 Director of Tallinn Technical School (from 1938 Tallinn University of Technology). Later worked as mathematics teacher in Tallinn. Arrested in 1950. Sent to prison for 25 years by NKVD verdict. Released in 1955.
Paul Olak - 02.08.1880 - 31.10.1949 Stockholm 1898 graduated from Kaarma Teachers Seminar. At first worked as teacher, from 1907 as journalist. 1924-26 Chairman of Estonian Journalists Union. From 1922 dramatist at theatre „Estonia“, 1932-42 Director of „Estonia“ (periodically). 1944 fled to Sweden.
Fred (Friedrich-Alfred) Olbrei - 12.08.1893 - 25.03.1972 Tallinn 1918 graduated from Jevpatoria Military Pilots School. Colonel. Took part in World War I and the War of Independence. Supervised radio communication of Estonian Armed Forces during the War of Independence. Chief of Communication Battalion. 1925 graduated from Toulouse University as engineer of electro-technology. 1926-33 Lecturer in Higher Military School. 1934-40 Director of National Radio Broadcasting. In summer 1941 was taken to Russia as military staff. Worked as Lecturer in Tjumen Military School. Arrested in 1944. Released in 1956. Worked as Technical Expert at the Council of Ministers of Estonian SSR.
Vladimir Paavel - 19.02.1900 - 16.04.1958 Neuss, Germany 1925 graduated from Karlsruhe University of Technology. 1925-35 worked as engineer in Germany. 1936-40 Temporary Professor and Vice Rector in Tallinn University of Technology. Did not return from academic visit to Berlin in 1940. One of the founders of Baltic University after the war, 1945-49 Lecturer in Pinneberg. From 1947 Dr. Tech. (Braunschweig Technical University).
Aleksander Paulus - 15.11.1872 – 18.10.1953 Stockholm. 1894 graduated from Riga Theology Seminar, 1920-44 Head of Estonian Apostle Orthodox Church (EAÕK), from 1923 Metropolitan. 1944 fled to Germany, 1947 from Germany to Sweden. Established Estonian Apostle Orthodox Church in exile.1944-53 Head of Estonian Apostle Orthodox Church in exile. Buried to Stockholm Forest Graveyard on 25.10.1953.
Ants Piip - 28.02.1884 - 01.10.1942 Perm Oblast, Norob prison camp Member of the Organising Committee of Tallinn Rotary Club, Charter Member 26.10-20.12.1920 Prime Minister, 20.12.1920-25.01.1921 Head of State (Riigivanem). Studied at Kuldiga Teachers Seminar. 1903-05 parish clerk and teacher in Alūksne in Latvia, 1905-06 teacher at Kuressaare Nikolai Orthodox Parish School, 1906-12 teacher at Kuressaare Maritime School, 1913-15 teacher at St.Petersburg Janson Commerce School. Graduated from Kuressaare Gymnasium as student extern, 1908-13 studied law at St.Petersburg State University, 1912 refreshed his knowledge at Berlin University, 1913-16 Scientific Scholar at St.Petersburg State University. 1917 Private Lecturer at St.Petersburg State University and official in the Department of Nations at Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs, 1916-17 military official at the Court Management Office of Russian Ministry of Justice. 1919 Member of Estonian delegation in St.Petersburg and London, took part in Paris Peace Conference. 1917-19 assistant to Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1919-20 member of Estonian delegation at peace negotiations between Estonia and Soviet Russia. 1920 Diplomatic Representative of Estonia in Great Britain. 1920-21 Minister of War, also Head of State (Riigivanem) at the same time. 1921-22, 1925-26, 1933 and 1939-40 Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1923-25 Estonian Ambassador in the USA. 1917-18 member of Country Council, 1919-20 member of Estonian Constituent Assembly, 1920-23 member of the I Riigikogu (Estonian Parliament) and 1938-40 member of State Council. 1906-07 editor of newspaper „Hääl“ („The Voice“) in Kuressaare, 1923 Editor-in-Chief of „Vaba Maa“ („Free Country“). 1914-23 assistant attorney, 1923-40 attorney. 1919-24 Vice Professor of International Law at Tartu University, 1924-40 professor, 1930-39 Chairman of University Academic Court, 1932 Guest Lecturer at California University. 1930-40 member of Tartu City Council, 1935-38 Chairman of Tartu City Council. One of the founders of Kuressaare Loan and Deposit Association, Chairman of Saaremaa Teachers Union and Estonian Child Protection Association. 1922-40 Chairman of Estonian Association (1937-40 Foreign Relations Association) at the League of Nations, 1929-40 President of French Scientific Institute in Tartu, 1929-40 Chairman of Pan-European Association, 1930-38 assistant to Chief Elder of Young Eagles, 1932-40 Chairman of Estonian-Latvian Association, 1932-40 Chairman of Academic Law Association, 1935-37 Chairman of the Co-operation Bureau of Baltic States, 1937-40 Chairman of Estonian Committee at International Intellectual Co-operation Commission, etc. 1929-40 Member of Conciliation Committee between Finland and Northern American States, 1930-40 between Estonia and Northern American States, 1938-40 between Greece and Northern American States. Member of the Board at OÜ „Vaba Maa“ and Tartu Bank, 1935-38 Head of the Committee on solving work disputes, etc. Arrested on 30.06.1941 and died in prison camp in Perm Oblast on 01.10.1941.
Joakim Puhk - 25.05.1888 - 14.09.1942 Kirov prison Member of the Organising Committee of Tallinn Rotary Club, Charter Member Studied at Riga Commerce School. 1907-09 imprisoned in St. Petersburg because of taking part in 1905 Revolution. Founder, owner and General Director of company „J.Puhk ja Pojad“ („J.Puhk and the Sons“). Director of machine-building factory „Ilmarine“. 1925-40 President of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry. From 1931 Head of Consular Corpus. Represented Estonia at Tartu Peace Treaty negotiations. Head of the Board of AS „Estonian Lloyd“. 1921-27 Honorary Consul of Lithuania, Finnish Consul General in Estonia. Arrested on 31.08.1940. Sentenced to death by verdict of a special meeting and executed.
Jaan Põdra - 29.05.1894 - 04.02.1942 Kirov 1928-40 Head of the Board of the Central Association of Estonian Consumers (ETK). 1938-40 member of State Council. Arrested on 28.01.1941. Sentenced to death on 12.12.1941 and executed.
Konstantin Päts - 23.02.1874 - 18.01.1956 Kalinin Charter Member 1918-38 Prime Minister, Head of State (Riigivanem) and State Keeper (Riigihoidja) for seven times. 1938-40 President of Estonian Republic. 1917-18 President of Estonian State Council. 1918 President of Estonian Rescue Committee. 1918 arrested by German occupation authorities, 1918 July-November in prison camp in Poland. 1918 Prime Minister of Estonian Temporary Government and Minister of Internal Affairs at the same time, 1918-19 Minister of War. 1922-23 President of the I Riigikogu (Estonian Parliament). 1917-19 member of Country Council, 1919-20 member of the Constituent Assembly of Estonia, 1920-1934/1937 member of the I-V Riigikogu. Graduated from Pärnu Gymnasium, 1894-98 studied law at Tartu University, Cand. Iur. 1898-99 compulsory military service in Pihkva. 1900-01 assistant to attorney J.Poska in Tallinn. 1901-05 editor of newspaper „Teataja“ („The Messenger“), 1904-05 city advisor of Tallinn, 1905 Deputy Mayor. Took part in 1905 Revolution, fled abroad, was sentenced to death behind his back. Lived as a refugee: 1905-06 in Switzerland, 1906-09 in Finland. 1908-10 Chief Editor of newspaper „Peterburi Teataja“ („St.Petersburg’s Messenger“). 1909 turned himself in to St.Petersburg’s authorities and was sent to prison for nine months, 1910-11 served his sentence in Kresto prison in St.Petersburg. 1911-16 editor of newspaper „Tallinna Teataja“ („Tallinn’s Messenger“), 1916-17 military service in Tallinn. 1917 Chairman of the Head Committee of Estonian Armed Forces. 1919-33 Chairman of insurance agency „Eesti Lloyd“ (periodically when member of Government), 1925-29 Head of the Council at Chamber of Commerce and Industry, from 1935 Honorary Advisor. 1925-36 Head of Estonian-Finnish-Hungarian Union, from 1936 Honorary President. 1927-37 Head of „Fenno-Ugria“ Foundation, Head of the Council at Harju Bank, Head of Tallinn Stock Exchange Committee. Run a farm near Tallinn in Kloostrimetsa. 1928 Honorary Doctor of Law at Tartu University, 1938 Honorary Doctor of Technical Sciences at Tallinn University of Technology and Honorary Doctor at Andhra University, India. 1938 Honorary Member of Estonian Society of Naturalists, 1938 Honorary Member of Estonian Society of Scholars, 1938 Honorary Member of the Institute of Natural Resources, 1939 Honorary Member of Estonian Academy of Sciences, Alumnus of Honour at student society “Fraternitas Estica”, Honorary Citizen of Tallinn, Narva, Pärnu, Tartu towns and Tahkuranna district. Cross of Liberty I/1 and III/1. Published works in the field of state law and politics. Arrested by NKVD 30.07.1940 and deported to Russia, served in prison, 1954-56 in mental hospital in Kalinin where he also died on 18.01.1956. Re-buried to Metsakalmistu in Tallinn on 21.10.1990.
Hugo-Bernhard Rahamägi - 02.06.1886 - 01.09.1941 Kirov Oblast 1913 graduated from Tartu University, Faculty of Theology. 1914-20 Minister of Kaarma congregation. From 1920 Lecturer at Tartu University, 1926-34 Professor and Dean of the Faculty of Theology. Member of the I and IV Riigikogu (Estonian Parliament) representing Christian Folk Party, 1938-39 member of National Assembly, 1924-25 Minister of Education in the cabinets of F.Akel and J.Jaakson. 1934-39 Bishop of Estonian Lutheran Church, Head of Church. Arrested on 25.04.1941. Sentenced to death by NKVD Tribunal verdict and executed.
Märt Raud - 23.07.1878 - 04.03.1952 Krasnojarsk Charter member 1912 graduated from Riga Polytechnical School. 1922-37 Head of the Board at State’s Oil Shale Industry, 1937-40 at AS “Esimene Eesti Põlevkivitööstus” (“First Estonian Oil Shale Industry”). 1941 senior engineer at the Central Management Office of Mining and Fuel Industry of the People`s Commissary of Light Industry in Soviet Estonia. 1941-44 director of building organization. 1944-48 Head of the Department of Oil Shale Chemical Products at Soviet Estonia`s State Planning Committe. 1949-51 deported to Krasnojarsk region, Shirinsk region, to the area of Balahtshin goldmine. Arrested in 1952 and sent to a work camp for ten years and to deportation for five years.
Nigul (until 1937 Nikolai Karl Eduard) Reimo - 20.12.1887 -17.12.1941 Solikamsk Artillery Officer in the War of Independence. 1927 graduated cum laude from Tartu University, Faculty of Law. 1921-24 and 1925-34 Head of Police Directorate at Ministry of Internal Affairs. 1934-40 Police Prefect of Tallinn and Harju district. Arrested on 24.09.1940. Died during imprisonment.
August Eduard Rennit - 17.10.1880 - 29.6.1945 Freidberg, Germany Head of the Board at AS Tartu Bank. 1939-41 emigrated to Germany.
James O.Riddel Charter Member Owner of textile factory.
Ernst Rosen - 20.06.1884 - 05.08.1962 Germany Charter Member General Director of the spirit factory “Rosen & Co.”. 1923-38 President of German Stock Club in Tallinn. 1941 emigrated to Germany.
Christian Rotermann - 16.11.1869 - 24.11.1950 Lidingö, Sweden From 1921 owner and director of AS „Rotermanni Tehased“ („Rottermann Factories“). 1939 emigrated to Germany.
Johan Rumberg - 19.05.1874 - ? Charter Member 1919-40 director and one of the owners of the biggest potatoe export company in Estonia AS „Rumberg, Tuberg & Co.“.
Richard Räägo (until 1935 Rägo) – 24.04.1893 - 02.10.1941 Kirov 1910-1915 studied law at Tartu University, passed the final national exams at Moscow State University. 1915-1919 lawyer in Tallinn. 1919 took part in the War of Independence. 1920-22 Assistant Prosecutor of State Court. From 1922 State Prosecutor in Tartu, from 1935 in Tallinn. 1939-40 Justice of Estonian Supreme Court. Arrested on 06.07.1941. Died during imprisonment.
Herman Salza - 16.04.1885 - 23.01.1946 Moscow 1906 graduated from St.Petersburg Naval Cadets Corpus. Russian Navy Officer until December 1918 (1917-18 Red Navy). 1919-24 Chief of Staff of Estonian Naval Forces and 1924-32 Commander of Naval Forces. 1939 emigrated to Germany. 1945 was caught by Russians and brought to Moscow. Died in Butorka prison.
Klaus Scheel - 28.05.1890 - 30.07.1961 Baden-Baden Member of the Organising Committee of Tallinn Rotary Club, Charter Member Executive Director of the biggest private bank in Tallinn „G.Scheel & Co.“. 1940 emigrated to Germany, then to Sweden and after the war back to Germany again.
Aleksander Schipai (Šipai) - 08.08.1890 - ? Director of Kreenholm Manufacture. Head of the Board of Estonian Textile Manufacturers’ Association.
Helmut Schulmann Economic Editor of the newspaper „Revalische Zeitung“. 1939-40 Member of the Board in AS Tarlon.
Leo Sepp - 07.11.1892 - 13.12.1941 Perm Oblast, Ussolje prison camp 1914 graduated from Riga Polytechnical School, Department of Commerce. 1921-24 Director of Estonian Central Bank, 1924-27 and 1938-40 Minister of Finance. From 1933 Director of AS “Baltic Cotton Spinning and Weaving Factory”. Arrested on 15.02.1941. Died during imprisonment.
Johannes Sihver - 09.07.1882 - 27.01.1942 Perm Oblast, Solikamsk Charter Member 1911 graduated from Riga Polytechnical School, Department of Commerce. From 1931 Head of the Council at the Chamber of Commerce and Industry. Member of the IV, V Riigikogu (Estonian Parliament). Arrested on 28.06.1941. Died during imprisonment.
Anton Stamm - 27.03.1884 - 02.12.1944 Posen, Germany (Poland) Medical Colonel. Head of Department at Military Central Hospital.
Edgar Sulg - 14.03.1891 - ? 1918 graduated from Riga Polytechnical School. Member of the Board of AS „Postimees“ („Postman“). 1925-1944 director of vegetal butter and oil factory AS “Extraktor”. Member of the III Riigikogu (Estonian Parliament). 1944 fled to the West. Member of the student society “Vironia”.
Oskar Albert Suursööt - 30.05.1893 - 1950 Magadan 1924 graduated from Detmold Academy of Communal Sciences, Germany. 1918 Organizer of Defense League in Tallinn and Harju district. 1925-28 Chief of Harju Brigade of Defense League. Member of the IV and V Riigikogu (Estonian Parliament). 1932 Minister of Economic Affairs. From 1935 Chairman of Pro Partia Union’s Central Management. 1938-40 member of State Council. Arrested on 05.09.1940. Died during imprisonment.
Harald Tammer - 09.01.1899 - 06.06.1942 Gorkiy Oblast, Suhhobezvodnoje prison camp Journalist, athlete and weightlifter. 1915 graduated from Tallinn Commerce School. Took part in World War I as volunteer and in the War of Independece as member of the Kalev Brigade. 1933 graduated from Paris Ecole libre des sciences politiques, Branch of Diplomacy. 1921-28 editor of „Eesti Spordileht“ („Estonian Sports Newspaper“), 1933-1940 Editor-in-Chief of „Eesti Päevaleht“ („Estonian Daily Newspaper“).1940 edited the magazine „Revue Baltique“.1922 World Champion in heavyweight weightlifting, 1924 bronze medal from Paris Olympic Games. Arrested in 1941. Died in prison camp.
Ilmar Tannebaum - 30.05.1888 - 30.10.1940 Tallinn Charter Member 1907-12 studied at universities in Paris, St.Petersburg and Jaroslav. 1912 graduated from University of Jaroslav. 1921-40 worked as attorney in Tallinn.
Anatol Tofer Businessman.
Georg Tofer - 17.01.1875 – 1940 Director and co-owner of textile enterprise. June 1940 committed suicide, a few days after Soviet Army invaded Estonia.
Aleksander Tõnisson - 24.06.1883 - ? Owner of water supply and central heating industry „A.Tõnisson & Co.“.
Herbert Tõnissoo - 18.11.1890 - 1974 Tallinn Graduated from Paldiski Maritime School. 1920-30s boat captain. 1941 was taken to Soviet Home Front as Captain of steamboat „Suur Tõll“. After the war worked as Lecturer at Tallinn Maritime School.
Richard Uritam - 17.05.1892 - 24.07.1957 New York Chief of Second Cavalry Regiment in the War of Independence. From 1923 Member of the Board of Estonian Export-slaughterhouses. 1944 emigrated to Germany, 1949 to the USA.
Elmar Urov - 20.02.1906 - 07.02.1943 Sverdlovsk Oblast 1932 graduated from Tartu University, Faculty of Economics. 1923-35 official in Estonian Central Bank. 1937-40 Head of the Board of AS Saku Brewery. Arrested in 1941. Died during imprisonment.
Kaarel Uusmaa (Karl Uusma or Uusmann) - 18.03.1901 - 12.03.1972 Lidingö, Sweden 1924 graduated from Leipzig Commerce University. 1925-31 official in Estonian Embassy in London. 1931-40 Head of the Board of AS „Eesti Laevandus“ („Estonian Shipping“). 1940-44 fisherman near Tallinn. 1944 fled to Sweden, worked as draughtsman.
Jüri (until 1935 Georg) Variste - 10.10.1907 - 04.03.1989 Tallinn 1932 graduated from Tartu University, Department of English Philology and 1941 from Tallinn Conservatory as music teacher. 1932-41 worked as English teacher in Tallinn schools. 1941 mobilised to Red Army. 1941-44 choir master in Estonian State Art Ensembles. From 1944 Lecturer in Tallinn Conservatory, 1944-51 Vice Director, 1946-52 Head of the Department of Music Pedagogy, 1952-72 Head of the Department of Conducting. 1962 Professor. 1944-47 Conductor of Estonian National Male Choir (RAM). 1945-68 Head Conductor of Estonian Radio and Television Mixed Choir. Lembit Verlin, Heino and Tõnu Kaljuste, Arvo Ratassepp and Ants Sööt have been his students. Chief Conductor at Song Festivals.
Karl Vellner– 07.06.1894 - 28.08.1984 Stockholm 1920-40 co-owner of chocolate fabric „Kawe“.1944 fled to Sweden.
Edgar Vester - 21.11.1900 - 01.10.1978 Picton, Australia 1918-20 took part in the War of Independence. 1922-27 official at Forest Management Department of Tartu County, 1927-29 Auditor in National Audit Office, 1929-31 Forest Auditor in AS „Silva“ and consultant on forestry matters in the bank „AS G.Scheel & Co“. 1931-32 Assistant Forest Manager in Sagadi, 1932-34 Forest Manager and Auditor in Kolga district. 1937-38 Inspector of State Land and Forest Management in Ministry of Agriculture, 1939-44 Head of Forest Usage Office. 1944 emigrated to Germany, 1949 to Australia. Worked as transport worker and private land surveyor, 1951-55 and 1958-65 official at the New-South-Wales Forest Management Office, 1955-58 chicken farmer. Retired in 1965.
Aarne Vuorimaa Charter Member 1928-33 Finnish Ambassador in Estonia.
Hans Roland Võrk (Wõrk) - 29.11.1896 - 30.10.1978 Tallinn Lieutenant. Head and organizer of car transport during the War of Independence. 1925 graduated from Berlin University of Technology. 1935-40 Technical Director of AS RET. 1928-35 Lecturer at Tallinn Technical School, 1940-48 Lecturer at Tallinn University of Technology, 1946 Professor. 1948 made redundant because of ideological reasons. 1956-61 Head of the Department of Electrification at Estonian Academy of Agriculture (EPA). 1969-78 Consultant-Professor at a branch of Tallinn Patent Institute.